The scientists have now approached the wilderness of the ocean. To be precise, the scientists are exploring the virgin areas of the ocean for the first time, which are unaffected by the negative impacts of shipping, pollution, and fishing.
The Australian team of researchers is leading the study of exploring the marine wilderness. It was discovered that till date 13.2% of the total area of the ocean can be considered as wilderness, which is secluded from the human population while only a minor portion of the coastal areas meet the required list of criteria. This also includes coral reefs, which are exposed to the most crucial areas of the marine life. Coral reefs are the essential aquatic habitats that are not only bio-diverse but are also the dwelling of numerous aquatic flora and fauna.
The concept of wildernesses is not clear to various people. Hence, Kendall Jones explained these as the places, which are free of any form of human intervention and activity. It is found that these places, which are undisturbed by the human activities are blessed with intense biodiversity along with genetic diversity. However, the specific places were unknown to the scientists and researchers.
The team led by Jones has initiated a research that targets to identify the wilderness. These places were identified with the help of the 15 key activities that are influenced by the human. The areas which were least affected (less than 10%) by those 15 human activities, were declared as the wildernesses.
The analysis was supported by the information collected from the reports of the satellites, pollution, and ship tracking from various countries.
A professor from the University of Southampton, Dr. Rachel Hale, also stated that the aquatic wilderness was overlooked in comparison to the terrestrial wilderness. This has exposed an interesting genre of study to the scientists.